Völkische Settlements (Völkische Siedlungen) were a form of community in Germany in the early part of the 20th century, especially after the first World War.
Völkische settlements were based on ideas of german identity; german folklore, paganism, aryanism, “blood and soil” etc. As the Völkische movement developed, it became more and more anti-semitic and anti-communist. It was an important forerunner of National Socialism, which took over many of the Völkische ideas, in particular, that of the “national community” (Völksgemeinschaft).
Important völkische settlements:
Communities influenced by Völkische ideas:
Of already existing communities, Eden became more and more völkisch after the first world war.
Modern völkische settlements
Many of the ideas held by the members of post WW1 völkische settlements are still present in parts of German society. Some of these ideas came from the Lebensreform movement and became popular again with the New Age and Hippie movements of the 1960s. Indeed, in Germany, some of the seventies land communes were criticised by left-wingers as being similar to the “völkische settlements” of the 1920s, middle class, with an emphasis on anti-industrialism, spirituality, macro-biotic nutrition and bio-dynamic self-sufficiency. However, most attempts by right wingers to start communities have failed. For example, in 1995, the extreme right-wing lawyer, Jürgen Rieger, purchased a 18 room castle-like manor farm with 650 hectares of land at „Sveneby Säteri”, near Mariestad, in southern Sweden. He wanted to create a land-community of pure-blooded, blond aryans who could bring up their children free from the bad influences of multi-cultural society, “indoctrination”, and drugs, and who would help with farming the land organically. He advertised in right-wing newspapers for young couples, but found hardly anyone who was interested. Most of them could not find enough money to move from Germany to Sweden and settle there. The community project remained a dream, although Rieger and his family received right-wing neighbours in 2003, when a swedish right-winger, Klas Lund, bought a property nearby. This was settled by leading members of the extremist neo-nazi Swedish Resistance Movement.
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