Temporary communities: While many intentional communities have a short existence despite other intentions, there are some forms of community which are planned as temporary communities.
Especially during the 1980s, a number of peace camps came into existence, usually directly outside military installations. In Great Britain, they were often outside airbases used by the US Airforce for the stationing of Cruise missiles. Others have been outside British military bases.
In the USA, there was the Seneca Womens’ Encampment.
One or two peace camps still exist.
Peace camps in Wikipedia:
- Peace Camps in general
- Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp
- Molesworth Common Peace Camp
- Faslane Peace Camp
- Brambles Farm Peace Camp
- Seneca Women’s Encampment
The Peace Convoy and Free Festivals:
In Great Britain at the end of the 1970s, numbers of people began to form mobile communities which traveled from free festival to free festival. One large group of these New Age Travelers became known as the Peace Convoy as it also stopped off outside military bases. The Free Festivals can also be seen as a form of temporary community, as can the Rainbow Gatherings which originated in the USA. In contrast to commercial “pop festivals”, both the British Free Festival movement and the Rainbow Gatherings had/have a high degree of self-organisation and sense of community, and have been counter-cultural rather than part of the music industry. Many of the people at Rainbow Gatherings see themselves as part of a world wide Rainbow Family.
Travelers and Free Festivals in Wikipedia:
Although many homeless people squat out of necessity and hope to stay for a long period in the occupied spaces, some buildings are squatted as a protest for a limited period. Such squats are often done to highlight the lack of housing or the lack of space for cultural activities. One example was the German “Doc @”, a house in the city of Kassel which was squatted by radical left activists and artists during the Documenta international modern art festival in 2002 as a protest against commercial art and to create a space for self-managed culture during the 100 days of the documenta.
- Georg-von Rauch Haus in “The seventies – housing for the homeless and self-help
- “The eighties – “Squat the Streets!” at German communities in the 60s, 70, and 80s
Temporary Autonomous Zones:
Rather like the politically motivated short duration squats, TAZs are short term projects for a certain goal. The idea stems from the US author, “Hakim Bey” (Peter Lamborn Wilson).
TAZ in Wikipedia:
Communities magazine #142 (Spring 2009) “Festivals and Gatherings”.
Page 28, “Burning Man: Experiencing the Playa Community” by Kayla Wexelburg.
Page 32, “Comin’ Home to the Rainbow” by Scott Shuter.
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