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Frauen Kommune Schwarzerden

Knowledgebase > Frauen Kommune Schwarzerden

Frauen Kommune Schwarzerden

From ICWiki

The Frauen Kommune Schwarzerden – The Women’s Commune at Schwarzerden was a rural commune at Weiler-Schwarzerden, near Darmstadt. It existed from 1923 until the end of the twenties.



The women’s commune was started on a farm at Schwarzerden in 1923 by a group of women with previous experience in the “Wandervogel” and the Free German youth movements, and who had also previously lived communally.

Their aims:

Their aims were to have a community involved in farming, market gardening, handicrafts, and then to start an institute for training women gymnastic teachers. They also aimed for self-sufficiency.

Successes and failures:

They had a completely socialised income sharing economy. At the start, between six and eight women were involved in the farming and they attempted quite successfully to have self-sufficiency in that sector. However, they soon found out that the handicraft work (basket-making and weaving) was uneconomic. They began holiday courses for women in 1924, and from 1925, vocational work courses. The women’s commune had good relations with the local population, and many of the women attending the school lived on the local farms. The local farmers respected the women communards for their hard work in the fields.

The training institute:

In 1927, they were able to officialy start the training institute for women who wanted to become gymnastic teachers. This proved a success, but by becoming recognised in the field of women’s training, the communal aspect of the project gradually disappeared, as more and more women came who were interested in the traing but not in communal living. gradually, the group gave up the agricultural and horticultural work to concentrate on women’s education. The school was able to survive the nazi regime, and has continued in various forms until today.

See also:



“Frühe Kommunen in Deutschland”, Gustav Heineke, Zündhölzchen Verlag, 1978.

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