Wacker Einstein commune

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Wacker Einstein commune

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The „Wacker Einstein“ commune was one of a number of radical left-wing political communes in Munich at the end of the 1960s.

Contents

Foundation

The commune was started by a group of young people including Fritz Teufel (formally of the Kommune1 in West Berlin), Irmgard Moeller (later a member of the Red Army Faction and the only RAF prisoner to survive the so-called “Night of Death” in Stammheim Prison, 18.10.1977), Rosemarie Heinikel (“Rosy Rosy”, an actress and singer, hippy and soft-porn icon), Heinz Georg “Jimmy” Vogler and two other friends. The commune was named “Wacker Einstein” after a Berlin football club and from their address in the Einsteinstrasse 151 (4th floor). The commune had a common purse, did lots together and conducted political actions. They had close contact to another Munich commune in the Metzstrasse 15, which had been founded by the philosophy students, Rolf Heissler and Birgit Mohnhaupt, both of whom were also later in the RAF.

Dawn raids on the Munich communes

Starting at about 4 a.m. on Wednesday, 24 September 1969, there were police raids on a number of left-wing Munich communes and WGs (housing projects) and on the premises of the Trikont publishers.
At the premises of the Trikont publishers, 65 police with dogs surrounded the building and moved in, searching everywhere and turning everything upside down. The commune “Wacker Einstein” got similar attention, as did the commune in the Nordendstrasse, the Haus Ehrbar WG, and the socialist WGs in the Georgenstrasse, in the Franz-Joseph-Strasse, in the Elizabethstrasse, and the rooms of the Student Union (AstA) of Munich University. Altogether, 120 uniformed and 140 plainclothes criminal police officers were involved in the raids on 16 different objectives. The official reason for the raids was to find under-age young people who, as in many german communes of the time (see Fresenhagen, had taken refuge there from the authorities, and who were presumed to live from thieving and burglary. Actually, the raids were intended to harass the members of the German extra parliamentary opposition (APO) in their living projects and cultural projects because they were helping young people. In addition, on the same day there were election rallies planned by Strauß (CSU) und Kiesinger (CDU), the west German elections being four days later on the 28th September. The police invaded rooms for which they had no search warrants and, when they were quick enough in entering, photographed people in their beds. They took samples of typing from all typewriters, sketched plans of the apartments, took away all manner of presumed “evidence” including files from the welfare office of the Students Union where there was a list of doctors who would prescribe the anti-baby pill.

See also

Sources/Links (German)

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