The “Neue Gemeinschaft” (New Community) was a community in Schlachtensee, Berlin between 1902 and 1904. It was in a 30 room villa which had previously been a sanatorium near the Schlachtensee lake.
It was founded by the brothers, Julius and Heinrich Hart together with Gustav Landauer and others. Between 1900 and 1902 they had published an “anarcho-bohemian” periodical with this name.
It was influenced by the “Lebensreform” movement and by the Garden City movement, as well as by anarcho-communism. The founders came from a circle of naturalist poets and artists called the Friedrichshagener Dichterkreis. When that group broke up, the Harts started the Neue Gemeinschaft. Other members of that circle were close to the community at Eden.
Members and finances:
During its short existence, the community had a number of well known members including Erich Mühsam, Martin Buber and Else Lasker-Schüler. In some ways the community resembled a guest house, as the people who lived there paid rent for their rooms and a daily amount for food. The community ended due to financial problems.
The community had an influence on the community of Monte Verita, near Ascona.
“Neue Gemeinschaft – ein >Orden vom wahren Leben<“ at societyofcontrol.com
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